Info 218: Concepts of Information
Syllabus & Readings
School of Information, UC Berkeley, Spring 2011
Paul Duguid, Geoff Nunberg, instructors
18 Jan: Introduction
20 Jan:Exercise/discussion: I-School identities
- Babbage, Charles. 1832. On the Economy of Machinery and
Manufactures. London: C. Knight.
- Brouillon, LÃ©on. 1956. Science and
Theory. New York: Academic Press.
- Hartley, R.V.L. 1928. "Transmission of Information,"
Bell System Technical Journal 535-584.
- Machlup, Fritz. 1962. The Production and
Distribution of Knowledge in the United States. Princeton, NJ:
Princeton University Press.
- Sayre, Kenneth. 1976. Cybernetics and the Philosophy
of Mind. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities press.
- Schrader,Alvin M. 1984. "In Search of a Name: Information
Science and Its Conceptual Antecedents," Library and Information
Science Research 6(3): 227-272
- Shannon, C. E. 1948. "A Mathematical Theory of
Bell Systems Technical Journal, July & October (Reprinted in
SIGMOBILE 5(1) 2001: 3-55
- Shannon, C. E. 1956. "The Bandwagon," IRE
Transactions on Information Theory 2 (March): 3
- Tuomi, Ilkka. 1999. "Data is More Than Knowledge:
Implications of the Reversed Knowledge Hierarchy for Knowledge
Management and Organizational Memory," Journal of Management
Information Systems 16(3): 103-117.
25 Jan: The history of "information"
- Floridi, Luciano, 2010. Information:
A Very Short Introduction, Oxford: Oxford UP. Ch, 1, "The
Information Revolution," pp. 3-18.
- Nunberg, Geoffrey, 1996. "Farewell
to the Information Age" in G. Nunberg, ed., The Future of the Book, Berkeley:
University of California Press. Read pp. 1-23.
27 Jan: Exercise/discussion: History of "information"
1 Feb: The informational state [I-School Conference panel]
3 Feb: Exercise/discussion: Producing and consuming information
8 Feb: How much information?
- Bell, Daniel. 1976. The Coming of Post-Industrial
Venture in Social Forecasting.New York, NY: Basic Books.
- Brown, John Seely & Paul Duguid. 2000. "Limits
to Information," chapter 1 in The
Life of Information, Boston: Harvard University
- Kallinkikos, Jannis. 2006. The Consequences of
Information: Institutional Implications of Technological Change.
Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
- Lesk, Michael. 1996. "How Much Information
is There in the World?"
- Mayer-SchÃ¶nberger, Viktor. 2009. Delete:
Virtue of Forgetting in the Digital Age, Cambridge: Harvard
- Porat, Marc U. 1977. The
Information Economy: Sources and Methods for Measuring the Primary
Information Sector, Washington,D.C.
10 Feb: Exercise/discussion: I-School
15 Feb: News 1: information and rise of the public sphere
- Atherton, I. 1999. "The Itch Grown a Disease: Manuscript
of News in the Early Seventeenth Century" in J. Raymond, ed., News,
Nespapers and Society in Early Modern Britain. London: Frank Cass
- Calhoun, Craig, ed. 1996. Habermas
and the Public Sphere (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1996
- Darnton, Robert. "An Enlightened
Revolution," New York Review of Books 38 (17 October 24)
- Fleck, Ludwik. 1979. Genesis and Development of a
Chicago: University of Chicago Press
- Lenoir, Timothy. 1997. Instituting Science: The
of Scientific Disciplines. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press
- Povvey, Mary. 1998. A History of the Modern Fact:
Knowledge in the Sciences of Wealth and Society. Chicago:
University of Chicago Press
- Raymond, Joad, ed. 1999. News,
Newspapers and Society in Early Modern Britain. London: Frank
- Sommerville, C. John. 1997. "Surfing
the Coffeehouse," History Today 47(6): 8-10
17 Feb: Exercise/discussion
22 Feb: News 2: Information and objectivity
- Schudson, Michael. 2003. "Where News Came From: The History
Journalism," Ch. 4 in The Sociology
of News, Norton. Pp. 64-89.<
- Chalaby, Jean K. 2000. The
of Journalism. Palgrave Macmillan
- Tucker, J. 1997. "Photography
as Witness, Detective, and Impostor: Visual Representation in Victorian
Science," in Bernard Lightman, ed. Victorian Science in Context.
University of Chicago Press.
- Green, David. 1984. "Veins
of Resemblance: Photography and Eugenics." Oxford Art Journal7(2)
Photography, pp. 3-16.
- Nunberg, Geoffrey. 2006. Talking
Right: How Conservatives Turned Liberalism into a Tax-Raising,
Latte-Drinking, Sushi-Eating, Volvo-Driving, New York Times-Reading,
Left-Wing Freak Show.
NewYork, PublicAffairs. Chapter 11, "The War on Truth," pp. 168 (175 in
pdf) to 185 (191 in pdf). On bSpace.
Accuracy Rating Hits Two-Decade Low" Pew Research Center, 9/14/09.
- Liberman, Mark (2005-12-23). "Multiplying
ideologies considered harmful". Language Log.
Bias Is Real, Finds UCLA Political Scientist," UCLA newsroom
- Visit the websites of the Media Research Center,
25 Feb: Exercise/discussion
1 Mar: Information and the state
- Agar, John. 2003. The
Government Machine: A Revolutionary History of the Computer.
Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
- Campbell-Kelly, Martin, 2002. "Information Technology
Organizational change in the British Census, 1801-1911," Information Systems Research 7(1):
- Cullen, Michael J. 1975 The Statistical Movement in
Britain: The Foundations of Empirical Social Research. Harvester
Press: New York
- Hacking, Ian. 1990. The Taming of Chance.
- Headrick, Daniel R.. 2000. When
Information Came of Age: Technologies of Knowledge in the Age of Reason
and Revolution. New York: Oxford University Press
- Oettinger, Anthony. 1980. "Information Resources:
Power and the 21st Century," Science[Centennial
Issue, July 4]
209 (4452): 191-198
- Rusnock, Andrea A. 2002. Vital
Accounts: Quantifying Health and Population in England and France.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
3 Mar: No Class
Transforming the Regulatory Endeavor Conference
8 Mar: Information to "Public Knowledge": Exercise/discussion
10 Mar: Information and the organization of knowledge
- Yeo, Richard. 1991. "Reading
Encyclopedias: Science and the Organization of Knowledge in British
Dictionaries of Arts and Sciences, 1730-1850." Isis, 82: 24-49.
- McArthur, Tom. 1986. Ch 12-15, pp. 91-133 in Worlds of Reference. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press
- *Samuel Johnson. 1755. Preface to the Dictionary of the English
- Foucault, Michel. "Classifying." Chapter 5 of The Order
Routledge, 2002 (trans. of Les Mots et Les Choses, 1966). Most
of the chapter is viewable at
Google Books, and a plaintext version is also available here.
- dâ€™Alembert, Jean Le Rond. 1751. Preliminary
the Encyclopedia of Diderot, Selections
from Part I. (Entire text can be found here.)
Book of plates
from Diderotâ€™s Encylopedie at archive.org. Slide hand icon at
15 Mar: Organization of knowledge:
17 Mar: Theories of information I
- Floridi (see week 2), Ch. 3, 4. pp. 37-59. These
and provide an introduction to Shannon's information theory and its
- Shannon, C. E., 1948. "A Mathematical Theory of
Bell Systems Technical Journal, July & October (Reprinted in
SIGMOBILE 5(1) 2001: 3-55. Read up to p. 9, skipping over anything you
- ADDED 3/17: Shannon, Claude. 1950. "The
Redundancy of English." Cybernetics.
Skip to discussion beginning on p. 6 among Shannon, Margaret Mead,
Gregory Bateson, Warren McCullough, John von Neumann, etc.
- Weaver, Warren. 1998 (1949). "Some
Recent Contributions to The Mathematical Theory of Communication,"
introduction to The Mathematical Theory of Communication.
University of Illinois Press.
- Gallager, G. 2001. "Claude
E. Shannon: A Retrospective on His Life, Work, and Impact." IEEE
Transactions on Information Theory 47:7, November, 2001.
- Dretske, F. I. 1981. Knowledge
the ï¬‚ow of information. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
- Israel, David and John Perry, â€œWhat is Information?â€�pp.
in Philip Hanson, ed., Information, Language and Cognition.
Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press
- No classes -
29 Mar: Theories of information II
Preliminary discussion of final project/paper proposals
31 Mar: Information and cognitive science
- Simon, Herbert A. 1980. "Cognitive
Science: The Newest Science of the Artificial," Cognitive Science 4, 33-46.
- Miller, George A. 2003. "The
cognitive revolution: a historical perspective." Trends in Cognitive Sciences,
Volume 7, Issue 3, March 2003, Pages 141-144.
- Chomsky, Noam. 1959. "Review of Verbal
Behavior, by B.F. Skinner." Originally published in Language, 35.
- Bolter, David Jay. 1984. Turing's Man: Western Culture
in the Computer Age.
Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press
- Turing, Alan. 1950. "Computing
Machinery and Intelligence," Mind
- Dreyfus, Hubert L. 1979. What Computers Can't Do: The
Artificial Intelligence. New York: Harper & Row
- Gardner, Howard, 1987. The Mind's New Science: A
History of the
Cognitive Revolution. New York: Basic Books.
- Johnson, George. 1986 Machinery of the Mind: Inside the
of Artificial Intelligence. Redmond, WA: Tempus/Microsoft Press
- Searle, John. 1980. "Minds,
Brains, & Programs," The
and Brain Sciences 3(3): 417-457
- Suchman, Lucy. 1993. "Response
to Vera and Simon's 'Situated Action: A Symbolic Interpretation,'"
Cognitive Science 17(1): 71-75
- Vera, Alonso H. & Simon, Herbert A. 1993.
"Situated Action: A Symbolic Interpretation," Cognitive Science
- Waldrup, M. Mitchell. 1987. Man-Made Minds: The Promise
Artificial Intelligence. New York: Walker and Company
5 Apr: Information, economics, and development
- Ancori, Antoine Bureth & Patrick Cohendet. 2000. "Economics
of Knowledge: The Debate about Codification & Tacit Knowledge,"
Industrial and Corporate Change, 9(2): 255-287
- Arrow, Kenneth J. 1984. "Information and Economic Behavior"
Arrow, Collected Papers. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp:
- Cowan, Robin, Paul A. David & Dominique Foray. 2000. "The
Explicit Economics of Knowledge Codification and Tacitness," Industrial
and Corporate Change, 9(2): 211-253
- Duguid, Paul. 2005. "'The
Art of Knowing': Social and tacit dimensions of knowledge and the
limits of the community of practice." The Information Society
2005 21(2): 109-118
- Hayek, Frederich. 1937. "Economics and Knowledge,"
- Hirshleifer, J. 1973. "Where
Are We in the Theory of Information?,"American Economic Review,
- Krugman, Paul. nd. "The Fall and Rise
of Development Economics" Working Paper[?]
- Learner, Edward E. & Michael Storper, 2001. "The Economic Geography of
the Internet Age," Journal of International Business Studies
- Machlup, Fritz & Una Mansfield. 1983. "Semantic
in Studies of Information," in The
Study of Information: Interdisciplinary Messages. New
York: Wiley: 641-71
- Richardson, George B. 1960. Information
and Investment: A Study in the Working of the Competitive Economy.
Oxford: Oxford University Press
- Shapiro, Carl. 1982. "Consumer
Information, Product Quality and Seller Reputation," Bell
Journal of Economics, 13(1): 20-35
- Shapiro, Carl & Hal R. Varian. 2000. Information Rules: A Strategic Guide to
the Network Economy. Boston: Harvard University Press.
7 Apr: Final papers/projects discussion
12 Apr: Political Science
- Lippmann, Walter. 1922.
Public Opinion. New
York: Harcourt Brace. ch. 6-7, 13-14. (Google Book; Also available at Project
- Popkin, Samuel L.1994. The Reasoning Voter. Chicago:
Chicago University press. Chch. 1-3, 5. (Google Book). An abridged
version is available via Google Books as "Information
Shortcuts and the Reasoning Voter," in Bernard N. Grofman, ed. Information, Participation, and Choice,
14 Apr: Memes &
- Dewey, John. "The
Public and its Problems," in Andreas Hess, ed., 2003, American Social and Political Thought,
NYU Press. Selection from Dewey's The
Public and its Problems, 1927 (Swallow Press, 1991).
- Carey, James W. "The
Press, Public Opinion, and Public Discourse," in Public Opinion and the Communication of
ed. Theodore Lewis Glasser, Charles T. Salmon. Guilford Press, 1995
- Anthony Downs. 1957. An
Economic Theory of Democracy. New York: Harper and Row. See also
"An Economic Theory of
Political Action in a Democracy," The
Journal of Political Economy16(2): 135-150.
- Kinder, Donald R., 2003. "Communication
and Politics in the Age of Information," in David O. Sears and
Leonie Huddy, eds., Oxford Handbook
of Political Psychology, Oxford.
- Page, Benjamin I. and Robert Y. Shapiro, 1992. The Rational Public: Fifty Years of Trends
in Americans' Policy Preferences,
University of Chicago Press
- Dawkins, Richard. 1989. The Selfish Gene. Oxford: OUP. Ch.
The New Replicators," pp 189-201. Also here.
Most of the chapter is also at Google
- Mayr, Ernst. "The Objects of
Selection." 1997. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.,Vol. 94, pp. 2091–2094,
- Sperber, Dan. 2000. "An
objection to the memetic approach to culture," in Robert Aunger ed.
Darwinizing Culture: The
Status of Memetics as a Science. Oxford University Press pp
- Atran, Scott. "The
trouble with memes." Human Nature, Volume 12, Number 4, 351-381.
- Nettle, Daniel. 2002. "The Elusive Science of
the Meme (Aunger's Darwinizing Culture)." Current Anthropology, Vol. 43, No.
2 (April 2002), pp. 344-346.
19 Apr: Policical Science/Memes Exercise/discussion
21 Apr: Searching for information
- Battelle, John. 2005. The Search: How Google and Its
the Rules of Business and Transformed Our Culture. New York:
- Brin, Sergey & Lawrence Page, 1998. "Anatomy of a
Large-Scale, Hypertextual Digital Search Engine"
- Buckland, Michael K. 1997. "What
Is a 'Document'?" Journal of the
American Society for Information Science 48(9): 804-809
- Buckland, Michael K. 1992. "Emanuel
Goldberg, Electronic Document Retrieval, and Vannevar Bush's Memex,"
Journal of the
American Society for Information Science 43(4): 284-294
- Raff, Adam. 2009. "Search,
but You May Not Find," New York Times, December 28.
- Chartier, Roger. 1994. The Order of Books: Readers,
Libraries in Europe between the Fourteenth and Eighteenth Centuries.
Stanford: Stanford University Press
- Geertz, Clifford. 1978. "The Bazaar Economy:
Information and Search in Peasant Marketing," 68(2):28-32.
- Otlet, Paul, 1990. "Something
about Bibliography," pp.11-24 in W.
Boyd Rayward, ed., International
Organisation and Dissemination of Knowledge: Selected Essays of Paul
Otlet. Amsterdam: Elsevier.â€¨Internet Archive
26 Apr: Information as Social Capital
28 Apr: Looking backwards
3 May: Final paper/project presentations
5 May: Final paper/project presentations