Previously School of Library & Information Studies
Friday Afternoon Seminar: Summaries.
296a-1 Seminar: Information Access, Spring 2022.
Fridays 3-5. Details will be added as they become available.
Session mode varies: Zoom only; in-person only; or hybrid. See announcement
for each session. Campus policy requires all Zoom participants to sign
into a Zoom account prior to joining meetings hosted by UC Berkeley. Face
mask recommended but not required for in-person attendance. Zoom sessions
are not recorded.
A link to each Seminar session is available only at
the School's event listing: www.ischool.berkeley.edu/events.
Jan 21: **Zoom Only**
Clifford LYNCH: Strategic Implications of Cloud Lab
Carnegie Mellon University has announced a partnership
with Emerald Cloud Labs to create a dedicated Cloud Lab for the
University; this effort was the subject of the closing plenary at
the December 2021 Coalition for Networked Information (CNI) meeting.
(A video of the session is available on Youtube. See the www.cni.org web site). In this discussion,
I'll start by briefly summarizing the initiative for those unfamiliar
with it, and also discuss some interesting related developments in
core research instrumentation operations. I'll then focus on the broader
implications for research resilience, scholarly communication, research
data management, university budgeting, and other areas.
Jan 28: **Zoom Only**
Michael BUCKLAND and Wayne de FREMERY: Relevance Revisited.
Relevance, usually expressed as a document being relevant
to a need, has long been considered central to information science. But
relevance theory lacks clarity and its use depends on unrealistic
assumptions. A deeper analysis leads to a narrower, more precise
definition, a path from document to creativity, and connections to
context, bibliographical infrastructure, and artificial intelligence.
Wayne de Fremery is an associate professor in
the School of Media, Arts, and Science at Sogang University in Seoul
and Director of the Korea Text Initiative at the Cambridge Institute
for the Study of Korea in Cambridge, Massachusetts (www.koreatext.org). He represents the
Korean National Body at ISO as Convener of a working group on document
description, processing languages, and semantic metadata (ISO/IEC JTC
1/SC 34 WG 9). Recent research projects have concerned the integration
of privately generated textual heritage information into the
information management systems of the National Library of South
Korea (Library Hi Tech, 2020), digital humanities in the
iSchool (JASIST, 2021), copy theory (JASIST, forthcoming),
and the use of deep learning to improve Korean OCR (2020), for which
he received a national citation of merit from the South Korean Ministry
of Culture, Sports, and Tourism. More at www.pwdef.info.
Feb 4: **Zoom** only.
Daniella LOWENBERG, California Digital Library:
Research Data Publishing Ethics.
As researchers and institutions increasingly invest in
research data management and sharing practices, it’s clear that research
integrity and ethical issues related to the publication of data are
growing and require attention. Scholarly journals have guidance on how
to handle ethical and legal issues that arise during the publication
process, but to date there has not been clear or standard guidance for
publishing data. Libraries, researchers, repository managers, federal
agencies, publishers, and research integrity officers came together to
publish the first set of guidance: “FORCE11
and Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Recommendations for the
handling of Ethical Concerns Relating to the Publication of Research
Data”. Join Daniella to learn
about the diverse integrity and ethical issues that may arise in data
publishing, community-built resources, and how this space may evolve.
Daniella Lowenberg is a Senior Product Manager at
California Digital Library focused on data publishing with emphasis on
data metrics and data ethics. She is the Product Manager for Dryad, PI for the Make Data Count initiative,
co-founder of the FORCE11
& COPE Research Data Publishing Ethics working group, and chair of the
Data Usage Metrics working group.
Feb 11: **Zoom only**
Mark GRAHAM, Internet Archive: Archiving the Public
Web with the Wayback Machine: What we do and how we do it.
An update and overview of the strategies, technologies,
partnerships and processes used to archive, preserve and make available
web-based resources with the Wayback Machine and an account of some
of the accomplishments, challenges, and
opportunities in the quest to archive born digital material in the context
of the Internet Archive’s mission of "Universal Access to All Knowledge.”
Please come with your questions, suggestions, requests
and offers to help!
Mark Graham is Director of the Wayback Machine at the
Internet Archive. There he leads a team of engineers, collaborates
with countless volunteers, and manages dozens of partnerships, working
together to archive, preserve and make available more of the public Web.
Mr. Graham started his first online venture, PeaceNet, in 1984. He
co-founded the NGO apc.org, and a pre-Web online services
built AOL’s Internet Center (Gopher and WAIS) and hosted the US side
of the first commercial US-Soviet email service (Sovam Teleport),
managed technology and business development at The WELL, and was SVP
Technology at the public Internet company iVillage, and later an
executive with NBCUniversal News Digital.
Feb 18: **Zoom only**.
Michael BUCKLAND and Clifford LYNCH.
Michael BUCKLAND: Information Humanities.
Becoming informed depends on language, perception,
interpretation, reasoning and other core concerns of the humanities.
So why the neglect of the humanities in information studies?
What has been lost and what might be gained with more attention
to cultural contexts, hermeneutics, semantic labor, and other humanities'
Clifford LYNCH: Short Reports and Updates.
Some short topics and reports, and updates on selected
Feb 25: Rebecca BRYANT, OCLC, and Jan FRANSEN, University of Minnesota
Libraries: Understanding Research Information Management in the United
Research information management (RIM) is a rapidly growing
area of investment in US research universities. But what exactly is a
RIM system? Is it the same thing as a CRIS system, research networking
system (RNS), or faculty activity reporting (FAR) system? While RIM
practices are mature in Europe and other locales in support of
nationalized reporting requirements, RIM practices at US research
universities have taken a different—and characteristically
The recent OCLC Research report series Research
Information Management in the United States demystifies this
confusing landscape by providing a first-of-its-kind documentation
of RIM practices at US research institutions. Through a case study
examination of RIM practices at five research universities (including
UCLA and the University of California system), it provides insights
into the development of RIM practices in the US, articulates six
discrete use cases and their distinct stakeholders, offers a unifying
definition of RIM practice, and emphasizes the essential role for
libraries in RIM practice. See https://www.oclc.org/research/publications.bryant-rebecca.rim.html.
Rebecca Bryant, PhD, serves as Senior Program
Officer with the OCLC
Research Library Partnership, conducting
research and developing programming to support 21st century libraries
and their parent institutions, particularly on topics related to
scholarly communications and research impact. She previously worked
as a university administrator and as community director at ORCID.
More at https://www.oclc.org/research/people/bryant-rebecca.html.
Jan Fransen is Service Lead for Research
Information Management Systems at the University of Minnesota
Libraries, where she works with the libraries and with campus
partners to provide library systems that save researchers',
students', and administrators' time and to improve access to the
resources they need. More at www.lib.umn.edu/about/staff/jan-fransen.
Mar 4: Zoom. Co-sponsored by the Center for Long-Term Cybersecurity
and the Social Science Matrix.
Chris HOOFNAGLE: The Quantum Age.
Quantum technologies have provided capabilities that
seem strange, are powerful, and at times, frightening. These capabilities
are so different from our conventional intuition that they seem to ride
the fine border between science fiction and fantasy. Yet some quantum
technologies can be commercially purchased today, and more are just
around the corner.
In Law and Policy for the Quantum Age (Cambridge
University Press, 2022, open access full text: https://cup.org/3kX4JlI), Chris
Hoofnagle and Simson Garfinkel explain the genesis of quantum information
science and the development of related technologies: quantum sensing,
computing, and communication. The book uses scenario analysis to
consider four futures for quantum technologies. It then considers how
policymakers might anticipate the benefits and risks of quantum
Chris Jay Hoofnagle is Professor of Law in Residence
at the University of California, Berkeley, School of Law and a Professor
of Practice in the School of Information. More at hoofnagle.berkeley.edu/.
Mar 11: **PROGRAM CHANGE: South Hall 107 and also Zoom**
Clifford LYNCH: How to Position Data Science as a
Research Support Service.
Most research universities are setting up academic
programs in data science, which often involve complex organizational
restructuring and collaborations among computer science, information
science, statistics, and other fields At the same time, consultations
on data science are becoming an important part of emerging research
support services. The extent to which this is a support service as
opposed to part of an actual research collaboration is unclear.
Research data management and curation are also part of research
support services, and their relationships to data science are still
being defined (and terminology in this area is not uniformly accepted).
Many institutions are also offering non-credit courses in many of the
popular tools of data science, though it's unclear how far they go in
the ways to use these tools for data science applications. An
additional question is the appropriate locus, or loci, of
responsibility within organizational units such as the library in
providing these services.
In the coming weeks, my organization, the Coalition for
Networked Information, will be convening a series of executive
roundtables to explore institutional practices and strategies to
engage these challenges. My hope in this discussion is to clarify
the right questions to ask, and to gain insights into existing
institutional and researcher practices that may be represented among
the seminar participants.
Mar 18: **PROGRAM CHANGE. Hybrid: South Hall 107 and Zoom**
Michael BUCKLAND & Clifford LYNCH.
Michael BUCKLAND: Information Humanities.
Continued from Feb 18. Bringing scientific methods
(formal definitions, measurement, quantification, simulation, logic) to
information and information services has largely shaped the field(s)
of information science. This has been complemented by a wide-ranging
emphasis on social science methodologies. Yet difficult problems remain,
especially relating to meaning, relevance, judgement, culture, and belief, all
traditional concerns in the humanities. How could drawing on the
humanities address these problems and make information studies and
information services more satisfactory?
Clifford LYNCH: Short reports.
Several short topics, including a brief update on what
I've heard from the first few roundtable convenings on data science
as a research support service. (See March 11 abstract above for more
Mar 25: NO SEMINAR MEETING. Spring break.
Apr 1: **Zoom only**
Wayne de FREMERY, Sogang University, Korea:
Cats, Carpenters, and Accountants: Bibliographical Foundations
of Information Science.
This talk describes a book being written as a partial
answer to a question posed by
Michael Buckland: What might be gained by reinvigorating bibliography?
The question was premised on the idea that bibliography has faded
into obscurity. The contrarian truth I pursue in the book and this
talk is that bibliography could hardly be more integral to our
intellectual and creative lives than it is now. A mode of intellectual
and cultural accounting, bibliography serves a diversity of foundational
roles in the sprawling field we call information science. It only seems
to have passed into obscurity because it has become so integral to our
work that we do not notice how it supports what we do. I argue this while
concomitantly suggesting that there is an urgent need to reinvigorate
bibliography as we copy out our many scientific findings and cultural
heritages using recently developed systems of reproduction. Like all
infrastructures, bibliography as an idea and a constellation of material
practices undertaken across the academy and beyond needs maintenance.
The need for this maintenance is urgent because we are building new
representational structures and systems at such an accelerated pace that
we are losing track of our ability to account for what we have built
and the things that our systems are producing. Cats, Carpenters, and
Accountants suggests how bibliography contributes to building and
accounting for our representational structures and, if reinvigorated,
how bibliography can provide a cat-like independence to critically
assess not only the performance of our representational systems but
also the ideologies built into and reproduced by them.
Beginning in August 2022, Wayne de Fremery will be
Professor of Information Science and Entrepreneurship and Director of the
Francoise O. Lepage Center for Global Innovation at Dominican University
of California. Previously, he was an associate professor in the School
of Media, Arts, and Science at Sogang University in South Korea, where
he has lived for twenty years. He currently represents the Korean
National Body at ISO as Convener of a working group on document
description, processing languages, and semantic metadata (ISO/IEC JTC
1/SC 34 WG 9). His recent research projects have concerned
"Digital humanities in the iSchool" (JASIST, 2022), "Copy theory"
(JASIST, 2022), "Context, relevance, and labor" (JASIST,
2022), as well as the use of deep learning to improve Korean OCR, for
which he received a national citation of merit from the South Korean Ministry
of Culture, Sports, and Tourism. More at http://www.pwdef.info.
Apr 8: **Zoom only** Rescheduled from Feb 18.
Roger SCHONFELD, Ithaka S+R: Research Integrity, Misconduct,
The integrity of scientific research is increasingly in
question, as sources of research misconduct and publishing fraud
increase. Additionally, it seems that in part as a consequence of
increasing open access, the scholarly record has become a more
significant vector for misinformation. In this context, the neutrality
of information organizations seems to be a growing liability, and
publishers and universities alike are struggling to come up with the
policies and incentives to defend against and ideally deter these
threats. In this session, Roger will review some of the significant
issues and some areas of uncertainty as context for a discussion
about what kinds of policy options might be available in response.
Please read, before the seminar, a piece Roger recently wrote about
some of these issues in the Scholarly Kitchen entitled: "Is
Scientific Communication Fit for Purpose?".
Roger C. Schonfeld is program director at Ithaka S+R, where he leads a team
of higher education researchers and consultants that addresses academic
libraries, scholarly communication, museums, and the academic research
enterprise. Roger’s recent book, co-authored with Deanna Marcum, is Along Came Google: A History of Library Digitization (Princeton,
2021). He writes about strategy and mergers and acquisitions for the The Scholarly
Kitchen. Roger is a board member for the Center for Research Libraries, was previously a research associate at The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, and received degrees from Syracuse and Yale.
More at r.ithaka.org/people/roger-c-schonfeld/.
Apr 15: **Hybrid: Room *220* and Zoom***
Ph.D. Research Reception
For summaries and link go to
Ph.D. Research Reception
3:00 pm: Welcome & Opening Remarks.
3:15 pm: The Distressing Ads That Persist: Uncovering The Harms of
Targeted Weight-Loss Ads Among Users with Histories of Disordered Eating,
3:30 pm: A Sociocultural Explanation of Internet-Enabled Work in Rural
Regions, Zoe Kahn.
3:45 pm: Break.
3:55 pm: Google Says So(S): The Entanglement of Search Engines and Ballot
Proposition Information, Emma Lurie.
4:10 pm: Adaptive Sampling for Fair Machine Learning, Satej Soman.
4:30 pm: Reception.
Apr 22: **Hybrid: Room 107 and also Zoom**
Olivier LE DEUFF and Rayya ROUMANOS, Bordeaux Montaigne
University: Hyperdocumentation: The Many Ramifications of a
Prolific Concept, from HyperOtlet to Hyperdocumented Journalism.
The aim of this talk is to present the work carried out
during the HyperOtlet project by showing the epistemological interest
of working on concepts coined by Paul Otlet in order to understand the
continuities and discontinuities in research topics, particularly in the
field of information science. We will describe and explain the scope of
the concept of hyperdocumentation, looking at its evolution in order to
better demonstrate its relevance for software development as well as for
understanding new genres and formats, especially in the journalism
In the first part of the talk, we will present and discuss
two tools of knowledge management developed during the HyperOtlet project:
In a second part, we will focus on the emergence of new
journalistic forms that explore facts through data and combines fragmented
elements to generate an interactive device that puts documents at the
center of the story. Looking at three examples of such formats, all
dealing with police violence in the US and in France : The Counted (The
Guardian, 2015), Allo Place Beauvau (Mediapart, 2019) and Police
Brutality in BLM Protests (Forensic Architecture, 2020), we will show
how they all fall under the definition of a hyperdocument. We will also
elaborate on this editorial and cultural shifts whereby documents and
data are no longer the supporting elements in a news story but the
Olivier Le Deuff is assistant professor at
Bordeaux Montaigne University, France. He is the author of several books,
essays and short stories, including Digital Humanities: History
and Development and Hyperdocumentation
, and a blog Le Guide des Egarés.
More (in French) at Wikimonde.
Rayya Roumanos is an associate professor at Bordeaux
Montaigne University. She is the director of studies of the Institute of
Journalism Bordeaux Aquitaine (IJBA) where she teaches media studies,
multimedia reporting and data journalism. Her research focuses on the
digital transformation of journalistic forms and practices. She leads
a research project on the impact of algorithms on news production and
consumption in the Aquitaine Region. More at mica.u-bordeaux-montaigne.fr/roumanos-rayya/.
The speakers will be available on campus during the week
April 18-22. Their visit is funded by a grant from the France-Berkeley
Fund to support a collaboration with Michael Buckland and Paul Duguid
on the history and theory of documentation.
Apr 29: **Zoom only**
Danielle COOPER, Ithaka S+R: Data Communities.
There is a growing interest in promoting research data
sharing among universities, funders, and publishers, but how can this
be achieved in ways that actually respond to scholars’ needs
on-the-ground? Ithaka S+R’s research on scholarly information and
technology practices in a variety of fields demonstrates that successful
data sharing happens within data communities, which are formal or
informal groups of scholars who share a certain type of data with each
other, regardless of disciplinary boundaries. This talk will provide
an introduction to data communities and explore possibilities for
developing research support services that are responsive to data
community needs. See report "Data Communities: A New Model for
Supporting STEM Data Sharing". See https://sr.ithaka.org/publications/data-communities/.
Danielle Cooper (MLIS, PhD) is Associate
Director of Libraries, Scholarly Communications, and Museums at
Ithaka S+R, a not-for-profit research organization that focuses
on information and technology issues in higher education. Her research
team specializes in scholarly data practices, including a
recently-published landmark study "Big Data Infrastructure at the
Crossroads: Support Needs and Challenges for Universities" https://sr.thaka.org/publications/big-data-infrastructure-at-the-crossroads/, and a current project funded by NSF in collaboration with the Data Curation
Network on "Leveraging Data Communities to Advance Open Science.
The Seminar will resume in the Fall semester.
2020 schedule and summaries.
2021 schedule and summaries.