# Theory and Practice of Tangible User Interfaces

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November 24, 2007
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# Revision of Diffuser from Thu, 09/13/2007 - 00:50

Project Members:
Jonathan Breitbart

For a diffuser, I used a cotton swap taped at the long edge to create a cylinder.

/*
* Serial RGB LED
* ---------------
* Serial commands control the brightness of R,G,B LEDs
* Command structure is "<colorCode>*", where "colorCode" is
* one of "r","g", or "b".
* E.g. "r" sets the red LED brightness to 10%
* "rrr" sets the red LED brightness to 30%
* "ggb" sets the green LED brightness to 20& and the blue by 10%
*
* Each time an input is read, the LEDs reset
*
* Created 18 October 2006
* copyleft 2006 Tod E. Kurt <tod@todbot.com
* http://todbot.com/
*
* copylefter 2007 Ryan Aipperspach <ryanaip@alumni.rice.edu>
*
* copylefter 2007 Jonathan Breitbart <breity@berkeley.edu>
*
*/

//include support for manipulating strings.
//for a useful string comparison function, see the bottom of this file... stringsEqual()
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>

char serInString; // array that will hold the different bytes of the string. 100=100characters;
// -> you must state how long the array will be else it won't work properly
char colorCode;
int colorVal;

int redPin = 9; // Red LED, connected to digital pin 9
int greenPin = 10; // Green LED, connected to digital pin 10
int bluePin = 11; // Blue LED, connected to digital pin 11

int redValue = 127;
int greenValue = 127;
int blueValue = 127;

float redValueFloat = 0;
float greenValueFloat = 0;
float blueValueFloat = 0;

void setup() {
pinMode(redPin, OUTPUT); // sets the pins as output
pinMode(greenPin, OUTPUT);
pinMode(bluePin, OUTPUT);
Serial.begin(9600);
analogWrite(redPin, redValue); // set them all to mid brightness
analogWrite(greenPin, greenValue); // set them all to mid brightness
analogWrite(bluePin, blueValue); // set them all to mid brightness
Serial.println("enter color command (e.g. 'rrrrrrrrbbbb') :");
}

void loop () {
//read the serial port and create a string out of what you read

//reset each float value
//so that each LED resets to 0 each time there is an input
blueValueFloat = 0;
redValueFloat = 0;
greenValueFloat = 0;

//read commands of the form 'rrrb'
processRepeatKeyCommands(serInString, 100);

//Erase anything left in the serial string, preparing it for the
//next loop
resetSerialString(serInString, 100);

delay(100); // wait a bit, for serial data
}

void resetSerialString (char *strArray, int length) {
for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
strArray[i] = '\0';
}
}

//read a string from the serial and store it in an array
//you must supply the array variable
void readSerialString (char *strArray, int maxLength) {
int i = 0;

if(!Serial.available()) {
return;
}
while (Serial.available() && i < maxLength) {
i++;
}
}

//go through the string, and increase the red value for each 'r',
//the green value for each 'g', and the blue value for each 'b'.
//For example "rrrg" sets red at 30% and green at 10%.
void processRepeatKeyCommands(char *strArray, int maxLength) {
int i = 0;

//loop through the string (strArray)
//i = the current position in the string
//Stop when either (a) i reaches the end of the string or
// (b) there is an empty character '\0' in the string
while (i < maxLength && strArray[i] != '\0') {

//Read in the character at position i in the string
colorCode = serInString[i];

//If the character is r (red)...
if (colorCode == 'r') {
//Increase the current red value by 10%
redValueFloat = redValueFloat + 25.5;
//if user input more than 10 'r's, set red value to maximum
if (redValueFloat > 255) {
redValueFloat = 255;
}
redValue = (int)redValueFloat;
analogWrite(redPin, redValue);
Serial.print("setting color r to ");
Serial.println(redValue);

//If the character is g (green)...
} else if (colorCode == 'g') {
//Increase the current green value by 10%
greenValueFloat = greenValueFloat + 25.5;
//if user input more than 10 'g's, set green value to maximum
if (greenValueFloat > 255) {
greenValueFloat = 255;
}
greenValue = (int)greenValueFloat;
analogWrite(greenPin, greenValue);
Serial.print("setting color g to ");
Serial.println(greenValue);

//If the character is b (blue)...
//Increase the current blue value by 10%
} else if (colorCode == 'b') {
blueValueFloat = blueValueFloat + 25.5;
//if user input more than 10 'b's, set blue value to maximum
if (blueValueFloat > 255) {
blueValueFloat = 255;
}
blueValue = (int)blueValueFloat;
analogWrite(bluePin, blueValue);
Serial.print("setting color b to ");
Serial.println(blueValue);
}
//in case any of the colors have not been used in the input
//set those values to default (0)
blueValue = (int)blueValueFloat;
greenValue = (int)greenValueFloat;
redValue = (int)redValueFloat;
analogWrite(bluePin, blueValue);
analogWrite(greenPin, greenValue);
analogWrite(redPin, redValue);
//Move on to the next character in the string
//From here, the code continues executing from the "while" line above...
i++;

}

}

//compare two strings to see if they are equal
//compares the first 'numCharacters' characters of string1 and string2 to
//see if they are the same
//
//E.g. stringsEqual("hello","hello",5) => true
// stringsEqual("hello","helaabbnn",3) => true
// stringsEqual("hello","helaa",5) => false
boolean stringsEqual(char *string1, char *string2, int numCharacters) {
if (strncmp(string1, string2, numCharacters) == 0) {
return true;
} else {
return false;
}
}