School of Information Management & Systems
245 Organization of Information in Collections.
Assignment 12: Language Encoding. Due April 3.
The purpose of the this assignment is to ensure a minimal familiarity
with the MARC format and to acquire a little experience in MARC and
In Exercise 6 you looked in telnet MELVYL for material relating
to the Iroquois by doing a search for material in their language using the
command F LAN IRO. However, an observant eye noticed that
the language code in the MARC record (in positions 35-37 of the 008 fixed field)
was not always "LAN iro"
- sometimes it was "LAN eng", "LAN fre", or "LAN lat".
Go back to telnet MELVYL and try FI LAN IRO then D MARC and look
for language clues. Then refresh your MARC expertise by looking over
MARC Remarks, noting the LC MARC website
Understanding MARC Bibliographic tutorial.
Somewhere in the tutorial or other documentation you will find that there is
not one but TWO fields for indicating language. If you don't see it
- LANGUAGE CODE (NR)
1. What are the two fields and how do they differ?
2. Demonstrate your MARC expertise by
specifying the correct MARC language coding for both the 008 field positions
35-37 and for the 041 field for a document with the following language
The text is primarily in Iroquoian,
but the document also includes a
translation into English, with a summary in French, a libretto in Italian,
significant material in Chinese, German, and Spanish.
Note: The official list of language codes is at
http://lcweb.loc.gov/marc/languages/ and can also be found in MELVYL with EXPLAIN LANGUAGE.
3. Show the same information encoded in an SGML style mark-up system.