Prof. Yale Braunstein
OUTLINE & REFERENCE LIST
topics will depend, to some extent, on the interests of the class. This
reference list is designed to be both a preliminary course outline and
useful starting point for research in several policy- related areas.
Last updated: 9 February 2006.
1. Background on Information Policy--Domestic
S. Braman, "Defining information: An approach for policy makers," Telecommunications Policy, Sept. 1989, pp. 233-42.
C. Shapiro & H. Varian, "U.S. Government Information Policy," Available at: http://www.sims.berkeley.edu/~hal/Papers/policy/policy.html
Schiff, Informed Consent:
Production and Ideology (Lanham, MD & Oxford: Scarecrow
Older references that may provide additional insights:
Starr, The Creation of the Media:
Political Origins of Modern Communications (Basic Books: New
York, 2004), pp. 1-19 and 191-230.
Rowlands & S. Vogel, Information Policies: A Sourcebook
(London: Taylor Graham, 1991).
M. R. Rubin, Information Economics and Policy in the U.S. (Littleton, CO: Libraries Unltd., 1983). Selected chapters.
V. Rosenberg, "National Information Policies" in M. E. Williams, ed., ASIS Annual Review of Information Science and Technology, Vol. 17 (Knowledge Industry Publications, White Plains, NY, 1982) p. 3-32.
J. Yurow, et al., Issues in Information Policy,
NTIA, U.S. Dept. of Commerce (NTIA-SP-80-9), 1981.
S. Nora & A. Minc, L'informatisation de
la Societe (La Documentation Francaise, 1978); translated as The
Computerization of Society (MIT Press, 1980). [The introduction by
Daniel Bell is particularly interesting.]
2. Background on Information Policy--International
Ithiel de Sola Pool, "A Shadow Darkens," Chapter 1
in Technologies of Freedom,
(Belknap/Harvard Univ. Press, 1983).
Mastrini and D. de Charras, "Twenty Years Mean Nothing: From NWICO to
WSIS" Global Media and Communication
(Dec 2005; Vol. 1, pp. 273 - 288). Available at: http://gmc.sagepub.com/cgi/reprint/1/3/273.pdf
K. W. Grewlich, "The Power of Global Communication: Data Highways and Multimedia-Competition and Cooperation," in (M. Jussawalla).
N. D. Karunaratne, " "Policy Challenges in the Emergent Borderless World," in (M. Jussawalla).
M. Kirby, "The Human Genome Project-Promise or Problems?" in (M. Jussawalla).
[Aspen Institute] Bits Across Borders: Policy Choices for International Multimedia and Digital Services (1996).
G. Shultz, "The Shape, Scope, and Consequences of the Age of Information." Current Policy No. 811, Bureau of Public Affairs, U.S. Dept. of State, March 21, 1986 (4 pp.).
J. Bortnick, "National and International Information Policy," Jour. Amer. Soc. Inf. Sci. 36: 164-68 (May 1985).
Canadian-U.S. Conference on Communications Policy, Cultures
in Collision (New York: Praeger, 1984).
Digital Convergence--a Variety of Aspects and Views
The Mass Media, Common Carriage, Media Ownership
Noam, "The Impending Doom of Common Carriage" (March 15, 1994 ),
18 Telecommunications Policy 435 (1994). Available
Media Bureau, Further Report on
the Packaging and Sale of Video Programming Services to the Public (Feb. 9, 2006). Press release
available at: http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC-263741A1.pdf Full report at: http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC-263740A1.pdf [You may want to compare this with the
earlier report from 2004, which is still available at: http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC-254432A1.pdf
T. J. Brennan, "Integrating Communication Theory into Media Policy: An Economic Perspective," Telecommunications Policy 16: 460-474 (Aug. 1992)
B. M. Compaine, Anatomy of the Communications Industry: Who Owns the Media?, (White Plains: Knowledge Ind. Publ., 1983). (Earlier versions titled Who Owns the Media?.)
B. M. Owen, The Economics of the Freedom of Expression (Lexington, 1975). [Out of print & generally unavailable-but a classic. Especially relevent to the continuing debate on media concentration.
(B) Broadband Industry Structure
OECD, Communications Outlook 2005 (OECD: Paris, 2005), pp. 123-164.
Frieden, “Lessons from broadband
development in Canada, Japan, Korea and the United States,” Telecommunications
(29), pp. 595-613. Earlier version available at: http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/r/m/rmf5/BestpracticespaperFinalAPA.doc
favorite statement on the NII: "The
National Information Infrastructure is currently inactive. For
historical and research purposes the following information will remain
available online for six months." (No longer available at US government
web sites, but archived by the "way back machine" at: http://web.archive.org/web/20041110025507/www.defenselink.mil/nii/other/niihome.html
William J. Clinton & Albert Gore, Jr., "A Framework for Global Electronic Commerce." Available at: http://www.technology.gov/digeconomy/framewrk.htm
W. S. Baer, "Government Investment in Telecommunications Infrastructure," in National Research Council, Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, The Changing Nature of Telecommunications/ Information Infrastructure (1995 ).
R. E. Kahn, "Economic Dividends of Government Investment in Research and Technology Development," in NRC, The Changing Nature...(1995)
J. A. Hart, R. R. Reed & F. Bar, "The Building of the Internet: Implications for the Future of Broadband Networks," Telecommunications Policy 16: 666-689 (Nov. 1992)
M. Kapor, Building the Open Road: The NREN as Test-Bed for the National Public Network (Network Working Group RFC-1259, September 1991); Available at: http://andrew2.andrew.cmu.edu/rfc/rfc1259.html
National Research Council,
Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, Keeping the
U.S. Computer Industry Competitive (2 vols., 1990).
Utility of Past as Prologue?" in Fostering
Research on the Economic and Social Impacts of Information Technology.(Washington
D.C.: National Academy Press, 1998) 165-187.
(C) Infrastructure and New
Technologies (VoIP, mobile, etc.)
(D) Access, Universal Service,
[As a topic, universal service includes aspects of several issues, including access to information, public vs. private provision, user fees, the functioning of markets, and common carrier policy. Below are a few interesting cites and a link to the FCC's Universal Service home page.]
"Killing With Kindness: Fatal Flaws in the Universal Service Funding
Mission and What Should be Done to Narrow the Digital Divide",
presented at the 33nd Annual Telecommunications Policy Research
Conference, George Mason University School of Law, Arlington, Virginia
(Sep. 24, 2005). Available at: http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/r/m/rmf5/TPRC05.ppt
M. Mueller & J. Schement, "Universal Service from the Bottom Up: A Profile of Telecommunications Access in Camden, New Jersey," The Information Society, 12: (1996).
M. Mueller, "Universal Service in Telephone History: a Reconstruction," Telecommunications Policy 18:352-69 (July 1993).
U. S. Federal Communications
Commission, Common Carrier Bureau,
Available at: http://www.fcc.gov/ccb/universal_service/welcome.html
(E) Web Neutrality
California Public Utilities Commission, Press Release on Revised Consumer Bill of Rights (Dec. 29, 2005). Available at: http://www.cpuc.ca.gov/PUBLISHED/NEWS_RELEASE/46030.htm
4. General Consumer Issues (including Health and Medicine)
National Research Council, Computer Science and
Telecommunications Board, For the Record: Protecting Electronic
Health Information (1997).
State of Michigan web page with tips and sources about evaluating Internet-based health and medical information: http://web.mel.org/viewtopic.jsp?id=559&pathid=1249
Samples of sites that assist in online diagnosis for mental illness: [Important: see all disclaimers below!]
5. Ownership of
Information: Property Rights (with an emphasis on databases)
R. H. Coase, "The Problem of Social
Cost," Jour. of Law and
Economics 3: 1 (1960).
good discussion is in: "School's Brief: Of Bees and Lighthouses," The
Economist (Feb. 23, 1991), pp. 72-73.]
Y. M. Braunstein, Economic Impacts of Database Protection
in Developing Countries
Committee on Copyright and Related Rights, World Intellectual Property
Organization (Geneva, 2002). Available at:
Alternative views available at:
6. Intellectual Freedom
J.-P. Chamoux, "Free Speech and Property Rights," in (M. Jussawalla).
D. E. Denning & H. S. Lin, eds., Rights and Responsibilities of Participants in Networked Communities, National Research Council, Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (1994).
P. Wilson, "Copyright, Derivative Rights, and the First Amendment," Library Trends 39:92-110 (Special Issue on Intellectual Freedom, Summer/Fall 1990).
7. Access to Information
C. A. Lynch, "Future Roles of Libraries in Citizen Access to Information Resources through the National Information Infrastructure," in National Research Council, Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, The Changing Nature of Telecommunications/Information Infrastructure (1995).
U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Informing the Nation: Federal Information Dissemination in an Electronic Age (Washington, D.C.: USGPO, 1988. OTA-CIT-396).
Government Information Quarterly, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1989 (Special issue discussing the OTA report).
P. Hernon and C. R. McClure, Public Access To Government Information: Issues, Trends, And Strategies, 2nd ed. (Norwood, NJ: Ablex, 1988).
American Library Association, Commission on Freedom and Equality, Freedom And Equality Of Access To Information: A Report To The American Library Association (Chicago: ALA, 1986). (Referred to as Lacy Commission Report.)
N. L. Eaton, "Freedom and Equality of Access to Information: The Lacy Commission Report," Library Trends 39:111-25 (1990).
J. H. Moor, "The Ethics of Privacy Protection," Library Trends 39:69-82 (1990).
R. W. Kastenmeier, et al., "Communications Privacy: A Legislative Perspective," Wisconsin Law Review :715-37 (1989). (An account of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986.)
F. Weingarten, "Communications Technology: New Challenges to Privacy," John Marshall Law Review 21:735-53 (1988).
U. S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, The Electronic Supervisor: New Technologies, New Tensions (Washington, D.C.: USGPO, 1987)
U. S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Electronic Surveillance and Civil Liberties (Washington, D.C.: USGPO, 1985. OTA-CIT-293.)
T. Baker, "Does Privacy Have a Principle," Stanford Law Review 26: 1161-89 (1974).
9. Public vs. Private Provision of Information
Information Industry Association, "Meeting Information Needs in the New Information Age: A Policy Statement on the Roles of the Public and Private Sectors." (Washington, DC: IIA, 1983).
D. D. McDonald, "Public Sector/Private Sector Interaction in Information Services" in M.E. Williams, ed., ASIS Annual Review of Information Science and Technology, Vol 17, p. 83-98 (1982).
U. S. National Commission on Libraries and Information Science, Public Sector/Private Sector Interaction in Providing Information Services. 1982
10. User Fees for Government-Provided Information
M. D. Cooper & N. A. DeWath, "The Effect of User Fees on the Cost of On-Line Searching in Libraries" in D. W. King, et al., Key Papers in the Economics of Information (White Plains: Knowledge Ind. Publ., 1983).
N. A. Van House, Public Library User Fees (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1983)
C. A. Casper, "Economic Pricing Models and Their Application to Library Services" in R. M. Mason & J. E. Creps, Jr., Information Services: Economics, Management, and Technology (Boulder: Westview Press, 1981).
11. Information Markets
R. K. Filer, "A Theoretical Analysis of the Impact of Artists' Resale Royalties Legislation," Jour. of Cultural Economics, Summer 1984.
M. Besen, et al., "Copyright Liability for Cable Television: Compulsory
Licensing and the Coase Theorem," Jour. of Law and Economics
Economides, "Competition Policy in Network Industries: An
Jansen (ed.), The
New Economy: Just How New is It (University of
Chicago Press, 2003), . Available at: http://www.stern.nyu.edu/networks/Competition_Policy.pdf
12. Standards, Elements of Industrial Policy
"Compatibility and the Creation of Shared Networks," in Guerrin-Calvert
& Wildman (1991). Available at: http://www.stern.nyu.edu/networks/91-16abs.html
H. L. Gandel, ed., Product Standardization and Competitive Strategy (Amsterdam & New York: Elsevier, 1987).
M. Braunstein & L. White, "Economics of Technical Compatibility
Standards," Antitrust Bulletin 30:337
(1985). Available at: http://www.sims.berkeley.edu/~bigyale/Braunstein_white_tech_comp_stds.pdf
14. Trans-border Data Flows
[See also cites in International section above.]
M. Jussawalla, et al., "Major Issues in Information Services Trade," in C. H. Lee and S. Naya, Trade and Investment in Services in the Asia-Pacific Region (Boulder, CO: Westview, 1987).
P. Robinson, "Transborder
Data Flows: An Overview
of the Issues," in Transborder Data Flows (North-Holland for
15. National Security
Stayed tuned for additional links as this is an evolving topic:
U. S. Department of
Homeland Security, National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC), The
National Strategy to Secure Cyberspace, (GPO,
2003). Available at: http://www.whitehouse.gov/pcipb/ .
U. S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Defending Secrets, Sharing Data: New Locks and Keys for Electronic Information (Washington, D.C.: USGPO, 1990. OTA-CIT-310.
S. N. Milevski, "Federal Policy-Making and National Security Controls on Information," Library Trends 39:132-44