School of Information Management & Systems
 Previously School of Library & Information Studies

  296a-1 Seminar: Information Access.
 ("The Friday Afternoon Seminar")
 Summaries - Spring 2005.


Fridays 3-5. 107 South Hall. Schedule.
Jan 21: Introduction to Seminar & Introductions.
    Introductions. Information about the Seminar. All attendees will be invited to report briefly on recent conferences, projects, papers, and other developments of interest: HICSS, National Academies Knowledge Economy Conference, some comments on papers presented at Beyond Personalization meeting in San Diego, reports from Pew Internet and American Life project, Digicult, etc.

Jan 28: Clifford LYNCH: Report on Progress on Research on Stewardship: Implications of Personal Collections and Personal Storage.
    Over the last two years, I've been examining questions about changes to the practices of stewardship in the digital age. I'll give a brief overview of my current thinking on this topic, and then report on some issues about stewardship at the state and institutional level.
    More and more of individual memory, personal records, and personal libraries are moving to digital form, and individuals have comparatively huge amounts of personal storage available to them. I'll examine some of the behavioral and social implications of these changes, comment in some of the implications for markets in cultural materials and entertainment.

Feb 4: Judson KING, Center for the Study of Higher Education: Academic Change and the Information Age.
    Much of current academic planning and change centers around the enhanced capabilities that stem from the information age. This seminar will include several examples drawn from personal experience, starting with the creation of the School of Information Management and Systems. Others include the launching of the California Digital Library, the impact of information technology upon undergraduate admissions policy and adaptation to Proposition 209, and the creation of a new initiative at the Center for Studies in Higher Education focusing upon the future of scholarly publication and communication.
    Jud King started as a faculty member in Berkeley's chemical engineering department forty-two years ago. In addition to chairing that department, he has been Dean of the College of Chemistry and Provost for Professional Schools and Colleges at Berkeley, and Provost and Senior Vice President -- Academic Affairs for the UC system. Since leaving that latter post in April 2004 he has been Director of the Center for Studies in Higher Education.

Feb 11: Ray LARSON and others: Organizing Places, Periods, and Persons.
    Almost all information management applications involve named places, named time periods, and named persons, but there appears to have been very little attention to standards, interoperability, or even best practices with respect to named time periods or biographical records. Prof Larson will lead a discussion of needs, options, and possible standards for handling temporal, biographical, geographical, and other data - both separately and in conjunction. Join us and bring your experience and suggestions.
    This discussion arises from the IMLS-supported project "Support for the Learner: What, Where, When, and Who" http://ecai.org/imls2004/.

Feb 18: David S.H. ROSENTHAL, Chief Scientist, Stanford University Libraries, and Victoria REICH, Director, LOCKSS Program, Stanford University Libraries: Electronic Collections and the Future of Libraries.
    Publishing is transitioning from paper to the Web, making content more accessible to and useful for readers. This transition poses existential questions for libraries. If they are to continue to serve as society's memory, preserving important information for use by future generations, they need to continue to build collections. Formidable legal, business, technical and economic difficulties prevent libraries building electronic collections to match their historic paper collections. Failure to overcome these obstacles will lead to a new dark age; material published on the web has a half-life of a month or two.
    For six years, the LOCKSS program at Stanford Libraries has been designing, implementing, testing and deploying an affordable tool that libraries can use to collect, preserve and disseminate content published on the Web. It is now in production use at over 80 libraries worldwide, ranging from the Library of Congress to the University of Otago. Publishers responsible for over 2000 titles endorse its use.
    The talk will detail the legal, business, technical and economic problems libraries face in preserving Web content, and the innovative ways the LOCKSS system has engineered solutions to them. These include radical and synergistic approaches to licensing, backup, format migration, system administration, fault tolerance and peer-to-peer networking. It will describe the ways librarians are applying this new tool to areas outside the system's original focus on scientific, technical and medical journals, including the Humanities, Government Documents and local newspapers.

Feb 25: Michael BUCKLAND: Theorizing "Information": Book review
    What should we mean by "information"? I'll briefly summarize and comment on two significant recent publications: (1) The Winter 2004 issue on "The Philosophy of Information" of Library Trends (MAIN: Z671 .L739; available online from UCB accounts: Try link. Else try through http://uclibs.org/PID/14707 (Leave keyword query box empty, limit search to "on" "2004" and journal "Library Trends" then scroll down result set): and (2) Bernd FROHMANN: Deflating Information: From Science Studies to Documentation (U. of Toronto Pr., 2004).
    Brief round the table review of ongoing projects. including a visit to the National Library and Archives of Canada; Net@edu; some comments on the Digital Cultural Content Forum; Web-Wise; the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
    Clifford LYNCH: Personal Information Management (concluded).
    Earlier this semester, I discussed the development of large, long-lived personal digital collections of "published" material and some of the implications of these collections as part of a broader examination of stewardship, preservation and memory in an ever-more-digital world. I'll conclude (at least for the moment) the examination of these issues with some comments on personal collections of unpublished materials (e.g. things created by the individual and his or her immediate circle) and touch on some of the social, legal and technical implications of the growth of such collections.

Mar 4: Ricky ERWAY, Merrilee PROFFITT & GŁnter WAIBEL, Research Libraries Group: Unifying and Delivering Digital Assets for Classroom Use.
    We'll offer a smorgasbord of recent RLG investigation into unifying and delivering digital assets for classroom use.
- Integrating collections from different institutions puts descriptions of cultural heritage materials to the ultimate test. The new RLG Descriptive Metadata Guidelines advocate good practice among the diverse set of contributors to RLG's Cultural Materials database. We'll talk about the pitfalls of providing guidance for descriptive metadata, and demonstrate the Cultural Materials service resulting from our efforts to unionize descriptions.
- Once collections have been aggregated, how can digital images from licensed resources best find their way into the classroom? The RLG Advisory Group on Instructional Technology investigated this issue by reviewing current practice in the community and interviewing faculty who teach with digital images.
- The findings of the Advisory Group also reinforced our decision to expose the treasures in Cultural Materials through our free and widely indexed Trove.net site. Trove.net makes Cultural Materials content discoverable via Google and other internet search engines -- often the first stop for faculty who are searching for classroom content.
  &nbps; URLs: RLG Cultural Materials http://culturalmaterials.rlg.org/ (for access at UCB see http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/collections/rlg.html)
RLG Descriptive Metadata Guidelines http://www.rlg.org/en/page.php?Page_ID=214
RLG Advisory Group on Instructional Technology http://www.rlg.org/en/page.php?Page_ID=557
Trove.net http://www.trove.net

Mar 11: Nancy VAN HOUSE: The Social Uses of Personal Photos (and New Photographic Technologies)
    A recurring problem in designing new technology is anticipating how and for what purposes it will be used, and how best to design it for those uses. In this project, we are developing an analytical approach to forecasting the uses of new technology: in this case, personal photography.
    Personal photos are of great value: often the one thing that people rush to save when their houses burn is their pictures. Digital cameras and networked imaging devices (now represented by cameraphones) are becoming ubiquitous. Cameraphones place cameras always at hand. The internet makes sharing, with known and unknown others, easy. We contend that this technology is fundamentally changing personal photographic practices in ways both continuous and discontinuous with past practice. To understand how people do and will use new photographic technology and design it to be usable and attractive, then, requires an understanding of the purposes for which photos have been used and those -- old and new -- for which they, and the associated technologies, are likely to be used.
    In this project, we are using social science perspectives, methods, and findings to understand personal photography. We are empirically investigating the purposes for which people have used personal photos, and cutting-edge uses as harbingers of how people will use images and associated technology for new purposes. We are using a combination of Social Construction of Technology (SCOT) and Activity Theory approaches to interpret these findings. We are collaborating with the MMM2 project (which Marc Davis will talk about on March 18th) in using these insights to develop a prototype context-aware cameraphone application for mobile media sharing, and an associated web-based photo sharing application.

Mar 18: Marc DAVIS: Mobile Media Metadata: The Future of Mobile Imaging.
    The devices and usage context of consumer digital imaging are undergoing rapid transformation from the traditional camera-to-desktop-to-network image pipeline to an integrated mobile imaging experience. Since 2003, more camera phones were sold than digital cameras worldwide; since 2004, 5 megapixel cameraphones with optical zoom and camera flash have been on the market. The ascendancy of these mobile media capture devices makes possible a significant new paradigm for digital imaging because, unlike traditional digital cameras, cameraphones integrate: media capture; software programmable processing; wireless networking; rich user interaction modalities; and automatically gathered contextual metadata (spatial, temporal, and social) in one mobile device. We will discuss our Mobile Media Metadata (MMM) prototypes that leverage the spatio-temporal context and social community of media capture to infer the content and the sharing recipients of media captured on cameraphones. Over the past two years we have deployed and tested MMM1 (context-to-content inferencing on cameraphones to infer media content) and MMM2 (context-to-community inferencing on cameraphones to infer sharing recipients) with 60 users in the fall of 2003 and 2004 respectively. We will report on findings from our system development, user testing, ethnographic research, design research, and student generated product concepts for MMM-supported applications. As a result of our approach to context-aware mobile media computing, we believe our MMM research will help solve a fundamental problem in personal media production and reuse: the need to have content-based access to the media consumers capture and share on mobile imaging devices.

Mar 25: No seminar - Spring recess.

Apr 1: Dan GREENSTEIN, California Digital Library: After Google Scholar What? Future Directions for the Academic Library.
    The talk will evaluate the potential impact on academic library services of the two products - Google Scholar and Google Library - launched recently by Google.
    Based in part on recent analyses of scholarly users' information needs and speculation about possible business trajectories for the information industry in an era of massively available online scholarly information resources, the talk will identify what if any distinctive service roles remain for the academic library.
    It will also look at possible impact that new online information services may have on how academic libraries are organized and staffed and on how they are situated within their host institutions. Throughout, a variety of references will be made to recent experience of "new generation" library services, particularly those becoming available to the UC community.

Apr 8: Barbara ROSARIO: Natural Language Processing in Bioinformatics: Uncovering Semantic Relations.
    Most of the biomedical research and new discoveries are available electronically but only in free text format. Automatic mechanisms are needed to convert text into more structured forms.
    I will discuss several lines of research on one of the core problems that arise in this domain---the identification of semantic relations between constituents in sentences. First, I will describe two methods for identifying relationships between two-word noun compounds (to characterize, for example, the treatment-for-disease relationship between the words of "migraine treatment" versus the method-of-treatment relationship between the words of "aerosol treatment".) Second, I'll describe my work in the area of Information Extraction, in particular the problem of identifying semantic entities such as "treatment" and "disease" from biomedical text.
    Finally, I will present my recent work on the problem of predicting protein-protein interactions from biological text.

Apr 15: Taecksoo CHUN; also Fabio CRESTANI.
    Taeck-soo CHUN, Dept of Economics, The Academy of Korean Studies: The Korean Indigenous Local Cultures and the Korean Economic Development in Global Age
.
    The 21st century is the Century of Culture and Arts. Everyday life will be more affected by culture and arts now than in the past. More wealth can be created more easily by culture and arts than by other resources. Creativity from culture and arts will be the most important factor for economic development. Indigenous local cultures are treasury of creativity. The "Electronic Encyclopedia of Korean Indigenous Cultures" (EEKILC) is collecting the cultural heritages of 232 local districts. Systematic aggregation through research and analysis will create a multimedia electronic encyclopedia including audio, visual motion and text. The rationale, methods, budget, and expected impacts of the EEKILC will be summarized. Two previous investments in Korean Indigenous Local Culture -- rice wine and anti-malaria medicine -- have been very profitable.
    Prof. Chun is spending a year at Berkeley, attached to the Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative in International and Areas Studies.
    Fabio CRESTANI, Glasgow and SIMS: Information-retrieval-based automatic ontology population.
    In the first part of the talk I will present an overview of the Diogene project. Diogene was an EU funded project under the 5th Framework Programme that started in April 2002 and ended in November 2004. The main objective of the project was to design, implement and evaluate with real users an innovative training Web broker environment for ICT individual training. This environment supports learners during the whole cycle of the training, from the definition of objectives to the assessment of results, through the construction of custom self-adaptive courses. The system uses several state-of-the-art technologies, such as: metadata and ontologies for knowledge manipulation, fuzzy learner modelling, intelligent course tailoring, co-operative and online training support. In addition, it includes a set of innovative features, including: dynamic learning strategies, Semantic Web openness, Web services for learning object handling and property rights management, curriculum vitae generation and searching facilities, free-lance teacher support, and assisted definition of learning objectives. In the second and main part of the talk I will concentrate on the design, implementation and experimentation of the WebCatcher agency: a component of the Diogene system aimed at searching the web for learning objects and using them to populate the Diogene ontology for the benefit of the learners.
    Fabio Crestani, a faculty member in the Department of Computer and Information Sciences, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK, is spending a year at SIMS as a visiting scholar.

Apr 22: Peter MONTFORE: Blogging and the Internet: Progress Report.
    AnnaLee SAXENIAN: New Directions for SIMS
.
    We will discuss possible directions for SIMS in the coming years, including offering more undergraduate courses, growing the PhD program, and working with other information schools to promote wider recognition of the "I School" mission and programs.

Apr 29: Geoffrey BOWKER, U. of Santa Clara: Memory Practices in the Sciences.
    Lev Manovich has argued that the database is the central symbolic form of our times. In this paper, I take a long history of databases and databasing technologies over the past two hundred years, discussing the organizational and social dimensions of working with a new information infrastructure. At the same time, I explore the consequences of this change for the kinds of stories that scientists get to tell about the past - be this of human history, the history of our species or the history of our planet. Finally, I discuss how the proclaimed development of a new global cyberinfrastructure for science both inflects and is affected by current work practice.

May 6: No seminar meeting.
    The seminar will resume in the Fall semester on Sept 2
.
  Spring 2005 schedule.   Fall 2004 schedule and summaries.